Symphonic poem in four movements
Written in 1924
Includes piano, organ and celesta
This is the second orchestral work in his Roman trilogy.
I pini di Villa Borghese portrays children playing by the pines in the Villa Borghese gardens.
Pini presso una catacomba depicts a solitary chape in the deserted Campagna on open land with a few pine trees silhouetted against the sky.
I pini del Gianicolo is a nocturne set on the hill of the temple of Janus as the full moon shines on the pines. Respighi recorded the sound of a nightingale to be played at the end of the movement.
I pini della Via Appia portrays the pines on the Appian Way, the great military road leading to Rome.
INSTRUMENTATION: 3 flutes (3rd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets (B-flat/A), bass clarinet (B-flat/A), 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns (2 in F, 2 in E), 3 trumpets in B-flat), 6 buccine in B-flat (2 sopranos, 2 tenors, 2 basses – usually played on flugelhorn and saxhorns), 3 trombones (2 tenor, 1 bass), tuba, timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, 2 small cymbals, tam-tam, triangle, ratchet, tambourine, glockenspiel, organ, piano, celesta, gramophone, harp, strings